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KAS JUMS BŪTU JĀZINA PAR AUTO LPG IEKĀRTU?

  • AUTOGAS - MYTHS

    Autogas entered the market in the early 90's of the last century. Since then, there has been a lot of myths concerning its use, unfortunately, the great majority untrue. They are often the results of early-stage problems - the problems that occurred with old carburettor installations and which we are not going to experience in today's well-controlled, fine-tuned electronics.


    1. Tanks explode – driving on gas is like driving with a ticking bomb.
    It is one of the most frequently appearing myths, which is as untrue as it is widespread. Gas tanks are constructed in a way which prevents them from breaking. They are made of thick metal (much thicker than the fuel tanks) with reinforced bottom and series of valves standing on guard of the whole system's tightness. Some explosions or cars' burnings about which we are sometimes informed by media are due to damages of gasoline and not gas supply systems.

    2. Loss of engine power.
    The decrease of engine power when driving on autogas could be noticed with the first generation installations - in carburettor systems. Today, worse performance of a converted car can only be the result of improper assembly or improper calibration. "Modern sequential systems inject gas directly into the intake manifold, right next to the gasoline injectors. Thanks to this, the driving dynamics is the same when driving on gas and petrol - explains Piotr Makarewicz - OPTIMA technical support manager. - What's more ... the latest installations for turbo-charged engines with indirect fuel injection may even cause the engine on gas to have more power than on petrol. "

    3. Handling the LPG powered car is complicated.
    A properly assembled and well-adjusted autogas installation is virtually maintenance-free from the driver's point of view. One additional switch, which appears on the dashboard, tells you which fuel the car is currently powered with, as well as how much gas remains in the tank. Today's installation is controlled by electronics controlling the moment of switching the power supply to autogas and all other key engine parameters. The only thing the driver must remember is to refuel autogas.

    4. Gas destroys the car's engine.
    When driving on LPG, much less carbon is formed and deposited in the engine compartment than in the case of petrol or diesel. What's more... the gas has engine cleaning properties, so it may happen that after the autogas installation, the accumulated pollutions will be removed from the system and, ipso facto, the gas will contribute to extending the life of the engine.

    5. There are better and worse engines as regards LPG conversions.
    It's not the matter of an engine but the technical condition of the car and the knowledge and experience of the fitter. All the vehicles with spark ignition can be converted to autogas power. However, it should be remembered that the mixture of propane and butane requires better combustion conditions than gasoline. That is why the condition of the ignition system is very important. It may happen that the installation of the gas system and driving on gas will reveal the service negligence of the car. "It is worth to install autogas in a good, specialized workshop, where they check the car's current technical condition before accepting it to the so-called gassing "- suggests Piotr Juziuczuk – OPTIMA'S technical support

    6. Unpleasant smell.
    The gas itself is odourless. The unpleasant smell is emitted by specially added chemical compounds. An unpleasant odour of gas is a deliberate treatment intended to serve our safety. If we happen to smell gas in our car, it is a sign that something is wrong with the installation and you should visit the service for inspection. Nothing escapes from a properly installed and serviced installation and we should not know how the gas smells.

    7. LPG installation is not worth it.
    Actually, if the car stays in the garage or in the parking lot, then the gas installation may not pay off. However, in the case of cars that are regularly used, the autogas installation usually pays off faster than we expect. We can find very helpful calculators on the Web (eg https://optimagas.com/kalkulator-leszczednosci), which calculate, based on the average fuel consumption and our average monthly mileage, how quickly the cost of LPG installation will pay off.

    8. New engines do not tolerate autogas.
    It is not true that newer cars do not tolerate gas - explains Piotr Makarewicz - OPTIMA technical support manager - Due to savings and lower durability of today's engines, the mechanics need to work more on tuning such cars and selecting their gas system components. For example, many new cars have a fuel pressure sensor and without additional, suitable electronics, a fuel pressure error will be reported. In this case, a fuel pressure emulator should be installed (eg Torpedo PFPE) or a controller with a built-in module of such emulator, eg OPTIMA EXPERT. Everything depends on the equipment and knowledge of the gas fitter.

    9. The engine uses more LPG than gasoline.
    Yes and no. The only difference is due to physical differences between the two fuels. Gas has a different density than fuel: gasoline - 0.8 kg / l, and gas 0.56 kg / l. Therefore, to obtain the same amount of energy, we need a larger volume of LPG than gasoline. If one were to compare the energy value of fuels by their weight, a kilogram of propane-butane would be more energy-efficient than a kilogram of gasoline. Unfortunately, we refuel in litres, not kilos and that is why there is such a difference.

    10. It's a shame to have gas installed in a luxury car.
    Thanks to the gas installation, we can save a lot - especially if we have a large car that uses a lot of fuel, and it often applies to luxury cars. No one is surprised anymore to see the latest models of BMW, Mercedes or Hummers powered by LPG. "I have already seen Maybach and Maserati converted to LPG. The owners of these cars did not resist the temptation of savings and were not ashamed of their bills for refuelling - says Piotr Juziuczuk - OPTIMA's technical support - Today, autogas is often assembled in sports cars because it is already telling a tale that gas slows the car."

    Fortunately, despite the fact that the myths about autogas are constantly repeated, not everyone believes in them and there are more and more LPG powered cars on our roads. We are convinced that installing gas as an alternative power source, serves not only our wallets but also to some extent protects the car engine and the natural environment. The most important thing is to entrust the car to a good and competent mechanic and we can forget about all the "warnings and cautions" from the past generations.

  • Driving on gas is simpler and cheaper than you think!

    The decision was made - you are converting the car for autogas. You will drive cheaper and ecologically. How to start with it? What should you know about? How to get to know the procedures and necessary formalities related to the installation of gas in your car?

    Here are a short guide and hints for beginners with LPG.

    Before assembly...


    First, rely on professionals. Reasonably and wisely choose the workshop and installer you entrust the car with. According to the principle, if there is something to everything, it is good for nothing, it is best to go to a service that specializes in the assembly and service of automotive gas installations. You have a guarantee that the workshop has considerable experience in this topic. All leading producers have a nationwide network of cooperating workshops (for example https://optimagas.com/znajdz-najblizszy-warsztat).Therefore, finding a good, professional installer in your area should not be a problem.

    You install gas in the car to save (an example of a profitability calculation for autogas can be found here https://optimagas.com/kalkulator-oszczednosci). However, choosing the installation do not look for savings so much. The final price of the autogas system assembly is influenced by the car's model, engine type and capacity or other technical parameters of the car, which may decide about the need to install additional elements such as fuel pressure emulator or lubrication kit. It may turn out that your car needs additional equipment, which, although it will slightly increase the cost of installation, which at the same time ensures reliable work of your car. Remember that even a slightly more expensive option LPG system will pay back quickly because in a moment you'll be able to drive half of it cheaper.

    Service and installation selected. Now it's time for details. Together with the installation, you should specify the place and method of assembly of the strategic components of autogas installation from your point of view, i.e:

    - central unit/gas switch (you should find some convenient place on the dashboard or around it so that you can reach and see it)

    - tank (here the possibilities are usually limited by the construction of the car, most often the tank "lands" in the place originally intended for the spare wheel)

    - refuelling valve (it is usually mounted in the bumper or under the fuel flap)

    After assembly...

    Before you leave the workshop with your car with the gas system, the installer should carry out a short instruction on the use of the gas system. You will be informed about on how to read the messages of the gas-petrol central unit/switch and the location of switches and safety valves in the car.

    Well, now you are ready to go! 😊 Only so-called "bureaucracy" has left. Check if you have a set of documents. The service should give you:

    - warranty book/instruction manual

    - invoice

    - "passport" of the gas tank

    - an excerpt of the approval certificate (it is usually issued a little later due to the need to approve this document by the company that has granted the service for approval for gas assembly).

    Now with a set of documents you are still waiting for a trip to the Townhall or county office in order to enter the gas installation in the registration certificate. You have 30 days to complete these formalities from the date of installation. Therefore, you do not have to hurry, but it is not worth to delay this so that the joy of economic driving will not deny us this obligation.

    To the office (in addition to the assembly documents) must be also provided:

    - application (to be downloaded from the office)

    - registration document and vehicle card (if issued)

    - ID card

    Formalities filled, now you can give in to the unhampered pleasure of driving. Just one more reminder - during the annual technical review - remember to present the gas assembly documents to the diagnosis: an extract from the certificate of approval and the "passport" of the gas tank.

     

     

     

  • Darbnīcas izvēle — kam pievērst uzmanību.

    Autogāze nozīmē ietaupījumu, tomēr, izvēloties darbnīcu, uzstādīšanas cenai nevajadzētu būt galvenajam faktoram. Nereti zemas cenas ir saistītas ar uzstādīšanas līmeni un izmantoto sastāvdaļu kvalitāti. Pārbaudiet, vai darbnīcu iesaka sistēmas ražotājs. Uzziniet to cilvēku viedokļus, kuri jau ir izmantojuši attiecīgās darbnīcas pakalpojumus. Atcerieties, ka jums nav jāņem vērā to cilvēku vērtējumi, kuri ir uzstādījuši sistēmu pirms ilga laika un daudz vecākos automobiļos. Kopā ar tehnoloģiju attīstību mainās arī sistēmu sastāvdaļas, kā arī to uzstādīšanas un kalibrēšanas metodes. Patiesi laba darbnīca ir arī labs padomdevējs, kurš izvēlēsies pareizo iekārtu jūsu automobilim un ieteiks, kur montēt degvielas uzpildes sprauslu un vadības bloku. Par montāžas kvalitāti un profesionalitāti var liecināt arī klientu rinda, kuri gaida, lai veiktu pārbūvi uz LPG. Tādēļ, lai jūs nebiedē ilgāks gaidīšanas laiks; attiecībā uz LPG iekārtām labāk pagaidīt nedaudz ilgāk un saņemt viskvalitatīvēko uzstādīšanas pakalpojumu.

  • Gāzes iekārtas regulārā pārbaude — kā, kur un kad?

    Jūsu auto gāzes sistēmas regulārās pārbaudes un regulēšana ir viens no pamatnoteikumiem pareizai tās darbībai, kā arī garantijas remontam.

    Pārbaužu un atsevišķu sastāvdaļu nomaiņas detalizētu plānu nosaka darbnīca, kurā veikta uzstādīšana. Tomēr ir svarīgi atcerēties, ka darbnīca jāapmeklē vismaz reizi gadā vai ik pēc 10 000 km, ņemot vērā to, kas pienāk pirmais.

  • Kā rūpēties par aizdedzes sistēmu

    Gāzes un gaisa maisījumu ir grūtāk aizdedzināt nekā degvielas un gaisa maisījumu. Dzinējs ar vāju dzirksteli darbosies nevienmērīgi un var izraisīt aizdedzes kļūmes. Augstsprieguma vadiem ir ierobežots darbības laiks. Laika gaitā tajos var izveidoties caurumi. Rudens-ziemas periodā dzinēja elementi kļūst mitri un var izraisīt augstsprieguma izlādes (aptuveni 20 000 V). Dzirkstele, kurai būtu jāparādās uz svecēm, rodas starp vadiem un dzinēja metāla daļām. Bojāti vadi rada problēmas ar dzinēja iedarbināšanu un nevienmērīgu darbību. Augstsprieguma vadi būtu jāaizstāj ar jauniem, ievērojot ražotāja ieteikumus —parasti ik pēc 80 000–100 000 km. Vadu tehnisko stāvokli varam noteikt paši. Kad ārā ir tumšs, dzinējam darbojoties jāatver motora pārsegs. Ja uz vadiem redzamas dzirksteles, šie vadi noteikti jānomaina.

  • Kā sagatavot savu automobili ziemai?

    Neatkarīgi no automobiļa degvielas tipa, auto ir pareizi jāsagatavo ziemas sezonai. Ar autogāzi darbināmiem automobiļiem pirms ziemas jāveic vispārīga iekārtas apskate un regulēšana. Regulēšana var būt nepieciešama tādēļ, ka zemā temperatūrā mainās skābekļa saturs gaisā, un tādēļ, ka ziemā tiek mainīts autogāzes sastāvs — propāna īpatsvars tiek palielināts, bet butāna īpatsvars — samazināts.

     

    Rūpējieties par to, lai filtri būtu tīri.

    Filtrā iekļūstot gaisam, samazinās filtra tilpums, un tas negatīvi ietekmē degvielas‑gaisa maisījumu. Autogāzes sistēmās jo īpaši jārūpējas par filtru tīrību un caurplūdi. LPG sistēmas ir aprīkotas ar šķidrās un gāzveida fāzes filtriem. Ekspluatācijas laikā tajos sakrājas cietas un šķidras vielas, kuras var nobloķēt gāzes plūsmu ļoti zemā temperatūrā, un apturēt LPG sistēmas darbību. Regulāra filtru nomaiņa ļauj novērst šādas situācijas. Ja ir filtri ir ļoti piesārņoti, tie jānomaina pat pirms regulārās apkopes.

     

    Pārbaudiet dzesēšanas sistēmu

    Dzesēšanas šķidruma uzdevums automobiļos, kuros tiek sadedzināts propāns-butāns, ir arī reduktora sildīšana, kas ļauj gāzei izplesties un mainīt stāvokli no šķidra un gāzveida. Tādēļ vispirms jums vajadzētu pārbaudīt dzesēšanas sistēmas hermētiskumu. Ja tajā ir gaiss, neapsildīts reduktors gāzes izplešanās ietekmē sasalst. Ja radiatorā trūkst dzesēšanas šķidruma, reduktors nedarbosies efektīvi. Tādēļ ir ieteicams pārbaudīt dzesēšanas šķidruma daudzumu un kvalitāti un, ja nepieciešams, papildināt vai nomainīt to.

     

    Pārbaudiet aizdedzes sistēmu

    Gāzes un gaisa maisījumu ir grūtāk aizdedzināt nekā degvielas un gaisa maisījumu. Dzinējs ar vāju dzirksteli darbosies nevienmērīgi un var izraisīt aizdedzes kļūmes. Augstsprieguma vadiem ir ierobežots darbības laiks. Laika gaitā tajos var izveidoties caurumi. Rudens-ziemas periodā dzinēja elementi kļūst mitri un var izraisīt augstsprieguma izlādes (aptuveni 20 000 V). Dzirkstele, kurai būtu jāparādās uz svecēm, rodas starp vadiem un dzinēja metāla daļām. Bojāti vadi rada problēmas ar dzinēja iedarbināšanu un nevienmērīgu darbību. Augstsprieguma vadi būtu jāaizstāj ar jauniem, ievērojot ražotāja ieteikumus —parasti ik pēc 80 000–100 000 km. Vadu tehnisko stāvokli varam noteikt paši. Kad ārā ir tumšs, dzinējam darbojoties jāatver motora pārsegs. Ja uz vadiem redzamas dzirksteles, šie vadi noteikti jānomaina.

     

    Uzpildiet automobili:-)

    Arī benzīns ir svarīgs. Ja mašīna darbojas ar gāzi, vadītājs nedrīkst aizmirst iepildīt arī benzīnu. Pirmkārt, dzinēju vienmēr iedarbiniet ar benzīnu un, otrkārt, ja bākā ir pārāk maz benzīna, bākā kondensējas ūdens, kas aizsalstot bloķē degvielas sistēmu. Lai no tā izvairītos, piepildiet bāku vismaz līdz pusei. Ziemā ir ieteicams pievienot benzīnam īpašu preparātu, kas absorbē ūdeni.

  • Kas būtu jādara pirms došanās uz ārzemēm?

    Pirms došanās uz ārzemēm pārbaudiet, vai netuvojas gāzes iekārtas regulārās apkopes laiks, un uzziniet, kādi uzpildes adapteri tiek izmantoti valstī, uz kuru dodaties. Nenāk par ļaunu arī izplānot maršrutu tā, lai būtu iespējams uzpildīt LPG tvertni un izvairīties no gāzes uzpildes stacijas meklēšanas. Vēl ir vēlams iegaumēt, kā attiecīgās valsts valodā sauc propāna/butāna maisījumu, ko lieto transportlīdzekļos.